Talking about Nigerian music, it is a music that is built from the combination of different kinds of popular and conventional melody and most of these music are popular worldwide, conventional music are associated with different cultural groups in that part of the continent, the largest ethnic group being Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa. Their music are differentiated with their unique methods, instruments, ways and tones of singing. Not so much is known about Nigerian music prior to European connection, however, the origination of bronze carving have been representing the singers/musicians and their musical instruments since way back 16th and 17th centuries. Like other African countries, customary music from Nigeria is at all times efficient as it is used for rituals or celebrations such as wedding, funeral, birthday, social gathering. Music was not mainly used for artistic pleasure, showbiz and entertainment in the ancient days but we find some Nigerians, particularly youngsters and the elderly stage performance to please themselves, singly performance is otherwise rare. Music in the 16th and 17th was connected to farming and there are limitations on which instruments can be played through changing farming season.
The popular customary type of music are mostly the work song, they are songs that keeps the tempo of workforces in the fields, for example on the farm land and on the canoe while fishing. While performing domestic duties such as housekeeping, cooking and washing clothes, the ladies use music to entertain themselves. Work music is quite more interesting in the northern part of the country because farmers work collectively on each other’s farmland and the hosting farmer normally makes sure that some sort of musical entertainment is available for his neighbors.
There is also high variability in terms of musical composition. The Tiv appraises the originators of virtually all songs while the Hwana feels that all songs are taught by their descendants, the Efik on the other hand title individual musician irreligious songs only. Musicians, composers and writers are allowed to use words in their musical lyrics that would more or less be observed as offensive and abusive.
call-and-response choir is the most widely used form of music in Nigeria, a sequence of two distinctive expressions commonly played by different artists, where the second expression is heard as a direct interpretation on or reply to the first, at times go together with instruments that either shadow the lead text or replication and vocal expression.
More complex melody is prevalent in the southern part of Nigeria and solo musicians use musical instruments while polyphonic wind ensembles are common in the northern part of the country, single-line music also known as monodic is what the great north province is familiar with which is associated with Islamic music because high percentage of the people living in ths region are Muslims.
Classic rhymes is found among the Kanuri and Hausa ethnic groups of Nigeria, and its performance is always observed as musical in nature. Blind nomadic entertainers, from time to time accompanying eachother with a string instrument, are popular for performing extensive poetries of untraditional Islamic text. These, and other associated customs, may be derived from similar European and Maghrebian civilizations. The Ozidi Saga established in the Niger Delta region is a celebrated classic that takes seven days to complete and uses a narrator, a chorus, percussion, mime and dance.